Date of publication: 30 August 2022

Текст на русском: Информация о ситуации с правами человека в России для Московского механизма ОБСЕ

This report on the human rights situation in Russia is provided by a coalition of civil society organizations in the Russian Federation for the OSCE’s Moscow Mechanism invoked to look into and assess the ongoing crack down on civil society, media and human rights violations. This intervention consists of an overview of the state of human rights in various fields and a catalog of relevant data and reports.

The following organizations contributed to this report:

OVD-Info, a leading Russian human rights project on freedom of assembly and political persecution.

Coming Out, a regional nonprofit initiative group founded in 2008 in St. Petersburg, working for universal recognition of human dignity and equal rights of all regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity by lobbying and advocacy, educational and cultural events, and providing psychological and legal services to LGBT* people.

Citizens Watch, a St. Petersburg based human rights NGO established in 1992 by a group of Russian human rights activists, lawyers and journalists. The goals were to establish parliamentary and civic control over police, security service, and armed forces, and to help prevent violations of constitutional rights by these governmental agencies.

Agora International Human Rights Group, an association of more than 50 lawyers working on landmark human rights cases.

SOVA Center for Information and Analysis, founded in 2002 and is focused on xenophobia, nationalism, freedom of religion and anti-extremism law and policies in Russia.

The Movement for Defence of Voters' Rights Golos, a leading Russian organization for public observation of elections.

Stitching Justice Initiative is dedicated to the legal protection of victims of human rights violations connected to armed conflict and counter-terrorism operations, torture and gender-based violence in the post-Soviet region.

Mass Media Defense Centre, a Russia based media freedom NGO, promoting freedom of expression since 1996. MMDC is providing legal assistance and court defense on domestic and international levels to Russian media, journalists, bloggers.

Introduction

Freedom of expression

Blockings

«Fakes» and discreditation

Media «foreign agents»

Existing remedies

Anti-extremist and anti-terrorist legislation

Number of persons sentenced under the Criminal Code articles (based on the Supreme Court data, principal charge only):

Article

Brief description of the offence

2019

2020

2021

205.2

Incitement to terrorism or justification of terrorism

103

147

199

280

Incitement to extremism

117

147

255

280.1

Incitement to separatism

2

3

0

282

Incitement of hatred

19

12

43

148

Insulting the feelings of believers

2

1

14

354.1

Justifying Nazism, slandering the USSR, insulting veterans, etc

1

8

30

TOTAL

244

318

541

Number of people punished under the articles of the Code of Administrative Offenses (based on the Supreme Court data):

Article

Brief description of the offence

2019

2020

2021

20.3

Demonstration of Nazi and extremist symbols

2388

2279

3183

20.3.1

Incitement of hatred (if first time)

383

757

936

20.29

Mass distribution of prohibited materials

1591

1826

1319

TOTAL

4362

4862

5438

«Insulting the religious feelings of believers»

Other legislation

Freedom of assembly

Legislation

Administrative and criminal prosecution

Other means of suppression

Anti-war protests

Access to justice

Freedom of association

Foreign agents

Overview

New bill

Impact

Undesirable organizations

«Extremist» organisations

Electoral freedoms

Admission of candidates/parties to elections and arbitrary restriction of competition.

Government’s opposition to the freedom of information

Coercion to vote

Incompliance with procedures of voting, documentation storage and vote-count

Lack of possibilities for election control

Right to life and prohibition of torture

People in places of detention

Honor killings

Discrimination and related issues

Racial profiling

Racial profiling in policing migration

Racial profiling and artificial intelligence

People with disabilities

Women’s rights and domestic violence issues

Domestic violence

Retraumatization in the investigation of sexualized violence

Female genital mutilation

Discrimination against women in matters of child custody in the North Caucasus

LGBTQ

Freedom of conscience

The use of anti-extremist and anti-terrorist legislation against religious organisations

Undesirable organisations

Academic freedoms

Army and conscripts

Inefficiency of the judicial system in cases of administrative offenses

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